For more details about the lecture, or if you want Hingeneering Consulting to deliver a similar lecture about small buildings or else, please email us at email@example.com or call 780.707.7408
On Monday, April, 24th 2017, Dr. Ahmed Mostafa Farag from Hingeneering Consulting delivered a guest speaker at the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT) in Edmonton, Alberta, introducing the structural engineering requirements for small buildings and housing as illustrated by Alberta Building Code 2014 and National Building Code of Canada. Thanks to the School of Applied Sciences and Technology for the invitation. It was great chance to share practical small buildings projects with the NAIT students.
In the lecture, Dr. Farag emphasized the main subsections in Part 9 of the Alberta Building Code 2014, where the applicability of that part, and illustrating that most of the housing buildings falls under this category except for the multi-story condominiums complexes more that 600 m2. The various types of material used in small buildings was introduced; the concrete with its aggregates, main design mixes, the minimum compressive strengths in various concrete components (footings, foundation walls, slab on grade, garage pads, etc.) . The precautions about pouring concrete in cold temperatures as well as the effect of placing concrete in contact with sulphate soil. The material portion also outlined the various lumber components used in the structural system of the small buildings and/or housing. The lecture also covered the basic design loads including live loads, snow load, rain load for small buildings and the deflection limit states for various structural components. The design soil bearing pressure was introduced for foundations structural design.
For more details about the lecture, or if you want Hingeneering Consulting to deliver a similar lecture about small buildings or else, please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org or call 780.707.7408
Hingeneering Consulting has been featured recently as one of the business success stories in the province of Alberta . The story of building the business from almost three years is published in the Government of Alberta website. How we started, the training at Micro Business Center, funded by the Government of Alberta and what are the challenges of doing business especially as an immigrant. Below is the what was written about Ahmed Mostafa Farag, Hingeneering Consulting founder, in the Government of Alberta website.
"I still remember my first day as a student in the Self-employment program at Microbusiness Training Centre. That was three years ago, but it was a turning point in my career and mindset. Before then, I had no idea about running a business adding to that the challenge of being an immigrant who came to Canada in 2008. I possessed the right technical skills as I was registered as professional engineer in Alberta and got my PhD at the University of Alberta. However, I still had no clue about this country’s economy, how to do business or find customers. It was really a new experience for me to learn about all the non-technical aspects of running a business.Today, I am running a full-service engineering consulting firm on a solid foundation. Our sales are steadily growing and we moved into our first commercial office last year. This would not have been possible without the training and ongoing coaching support that I got from the Microbusiness Training Center. The business tips, instructors, guest speakers, and course materials were outstanding and remain a valuable resource in my daily business. The Self-employment program at Microbusiness Training Centre is funded by the Government of Alberta."
The original article is in this link: http://www.humanservices.alberta.ca/department/aww-success-stories-2017-10.html
During the last four months, Hingeneering Consulting was privileged to work with SAIT in Calgary, Alberta to be the Structural Engineering Industrial Mentor for a capstone graduation project for civil engineering technology students within the School of Construction at SAIT Polytechnic.
The capstone project was about the remediation of foundation walls for a historic house, built in 1912 within the city of Calgary as shown in the picture below.
The purpose of this project is to provide technical research methods for remediating the basement walls of the house built in 1912. This house is located in SW of Calgary.
This report defines the main goal of preserving the historic value of the house.
To reach this goal, the report describes the importance of preserving and restoration of old buildings as of their great value and significance to the beauty of the nation. In addition, designating old buildings as a heritage property for their uniqueness in the country.
To determine problems and additional details of the house, a visual inspection was done. The resulted problems that were identified are:
• Deterioration of concrete, where stones are exposed and fine sand is falling apart.
• Signs of mold and efflorescence resulting from the moisture problem.
To offer remediation options, this project includes the history of cement industry that gives an idea about the material used in the past centuries in concrete manufacture. Further, the research report involves analysis processes such as analysis of the condition of the wall, Schmidt hammer testing for the strength of the concrete, collecting samples for the SEM (Scanning electron microscopy) test for chemical composition of the old concrete, and compressive strength test for batched concrete cylinders.
All these analyses test resulted in the limiting the remediation options to include:
1. Designing and improvements of proper drainage system.
2. Concrete patching for repairing of spalling concrete
3. Permanent wood foundation that will support loads of the house in case of failure of the existing foundation wall.
Moreover, the report also considers planning and cost analysis for the remediation options within the timeline and budget required by the client.
On Friday, April 21st, 2017, the public presentation of the capstone project was carried out by the civil engineering technology students. Dr. Ahmed Mostafa Farag, a principal structural engineer with Hingeneering Consulting, attended the presentation and met the course instructor Dr. Taher Hassan as well as Dr. Penelope Shrive, the Faculty member in charge of the project supervision.
From Right to Left, Dr. Taher Hassan, Faculty member at SAIT polytechnic. Then the students; Ramandeep Kaur, Byeongoh Jin, Noha Mohammad, Colin Stein and Dr. Ahmed Mostafa Farag, from Hingeneering Consulting, on the far left hand side.
Dr. Ahmed Farag, director and principal structural engineer with Hingeneering Consulting, has been invited to present a guest speaker lecture in NAIT about the Housing and Small Buildings from Alberta Building Code. The invitation for this lecture came from the Bachelor of Technology in Construction Management program. In the lecture various topics will be covered including the following:
Furthermore, a quick overview about the requirements of building and development permits and their process in the city of Edmonton planning and development will be covered.
The lecture will be held at Center for Applied Technology CAT Building at the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT) in Edmonton, Alberta on Monday April 24th, 2017
If you are a big fan of soccer or not, at least you knew or somebody told you that Portugal won European Championship against the host nation France. Despite the fact that you like or don’t like football or soccer as known in North America, you should have interesting lessons learned from such stunning win. In this article, we will highlight some of them as outlined below.
1. You Don’t Have to Start Perfect
In any job, business or even a course, you it is not mandatory that you have mindset that in order to be superior I need to start at full speed. From Portugal Euro2016 win lesson, you can learn that you may have a normal start or even a bad start and you can improve yourself over the course. Portugal started the group stages with normal performances and was qualified as best thirds. Even the superstar Cristiano Ronaldo missed out a penalty in their match against Austria. So you have to stick to your path in total. You don’t have to start fast but you can start slow and steady. Accordingly, you will not burnt out easily. Remember, achieving business or career goals is like a marathon race.
2. Luck Will Not Come From the Beginning
We cannot deny the fact that Portugal was a lucky team in Euro2016. Actually, Portugal was very lucky. Portugal qualified from the preliminary stages by three points only came from three draws. Portugal did not face a super giant team except in the final against the host nation (France)l. Portugal did not score in the 90 minutes except in the semi final against Wales while winning the other matches in the knock out stages either in extra time (Croatia) or penalty shootout (Poland).
Let’s have a flash back on Portugal history in this tournament. In Euro 2000, Portugal qualified to the semi final and lost against France with the golden goal rule. Afterwards, Portugal lost the Euro final against Greece in 2004. In 2012, Portugal lost again in the semi final against Span (Euro 2012 Champions) with the penalty shoot out.
After illustrating the history above, Portugal win of Euro2016 is not luck at all, Portugal tried many times in the past until it worked out well in Euro 2016. You can say that Portugal had little luck in Euro 2016, but remember that they faced bad luck in the final or semi-final stages in previous tournaments. If you want to be lucky, you have to try many times to find the luck. Luck does not come from first time (except for Lottery) and it won’t come for lazy people.
3. You Can Win Without Your Strong Assets
In Euro2016 final, Portugal suffered a catastrophe by losing their super hero Cristiano Ronaldo after 24 minutes in a strong challenge in Ronaldo’s left knee from Dimitri Payet (France midfielder). Imaging your team losing the best player and leaving the pitch with serious injury that may take many months. Despite this drawback, the Portuguese team continued the match and reach the extra time with a a great persistence and delivered a world class performance and finally win the trophy.
Does this mean that Portugal is better without Cristiano Ronaldo?
Absolutely, no. it is a matter that the team was put under pressure and all the players acted upon that accordingly.
In your business or career, you can be put in a situation without one of the super tools or resources that you have and you are required to perform and adapt based on that. Put in your mind you can work or win without your important tools or resources even it is important. This means that if you have the important tool, you can still work and perform.
4. The Surrounding Environment Are Not Obstacles
Portugal won the Euro2016 against France which played in their home soil and in front of their fans approximately 70 thousands. Simply, Portugal was required to be Europe champions in the home soil of their opponents. All the surrounding environments are in favor of France. Despite all these difficulties, Portugal played very well and they did not consider the entire surrounding environment and became the new champions.
In business and career, you can find giant competitors or co-workers who are more popular than you. In projects, you can anticipate that all the others are waiting for your small silly mistakes. Forget about that and focus on your work. The success in hard times is much way better and stronger.
5. Despite What happens, You Can Find a Role
Cristiano Ronaldo when got injured in the Euro2016 final, he returned back to the pitch. He was with his team encouraging and directing them to play as hard as possible. He was acting as an assistant coach for Portugal. Ronaldo did not say that I am injured and I cannot play so I would do nothing.
Sometimes, you will find yourself without a prime role. Encourage and help the rest of the team. You can create a prime role for yourself, you just need to focus.
6. Fight To The End
During the Euro2016 final match, all the people expected that the match was heading to the penalty shootout. Even the fans in the stadium were expecting this as Portugal was defending most of the time and they don’t attack. This has been changed when the substitute carrying number 9 in Portugal Eder came to the pitch. This substitute tried to push Portugal hard to score, he missed to score by a header in France a few moments when the great time came and he smashed a long range shot to make history for Portugal as this is their first major tournament trophy.
From the time Eder (the goal scorer) played, he was very active as he was the only striker who made hard times for France defenders. Be like Eder, fight till the end and don’t leave it for luck. Don’t make the expected scenario happens, do something unique and suddenly.
All comments are welcomed
Photo caption is taken from https://www.facebook.com/uefaeuro/?fref=ts
In May 2014, we started our company in Edmonton, AB. At that time, Hingeneering Consulting business plan was originally focused in conducting structural engineering services for the oil and gas sector only. May 2016 marks the second anniversary of Hingeneering Consulting. It is now time to reflect about how we developed our business throughout the past two years and to compare the reality with the originally planned. In this article, we will highlight our accomplishments, projects, clients, our next steps and finally our recent updates.
Despite the fact that the original business plan written in April 2014 was directed only on the oil and gas, Hingeneering Consulting managed to be flexible enough to withstand the strong hit of the low oil prices and diversify its engineering services to include residential and commercial buildings. In the past two years, Hingeneering Consulting provided structural engineering services for many projects involved across the province in Alberta.
In January 2016, Hingeneering Consulting managed to add to its workforce a group of talented and experienced team members for other engineering services such as: geotechnical engineering, process/environmental engineering, mechanical engineering (HVAC and plumbing) as well as electrical engineering.
The company website www.hingeneering.com was launched in October 2014. Since that time, it undergoes continuous development with always updating it with the scope of services, as well as the recent projects. In January 2016, the company got its linkedin page: https://www.linkedin.com/company/hingeneering-consulting-inc-?trk=top_nav_home.
During the past two years, Hingeneering Consulting completed 21 projects in 2014, 96 projects in 2015 and 50 projects up to May 2016. A great proportion of the completed projects was in the residential and commercial buildings, whether new construction or renovation projects. Having said that, Hingeneering Consulting was privileged to participate in Edmonton Arena project, Forthills project and Rosedale Power Plant Upgrading project.
Our commitment to the excellence of the projects allowed our clients to keep using our services and to refer more clients. Our portfolio of clients ranges from medium size engineering consulting, construction contractors in addition to owners and investors.
What is Next
Our plan for the future is to keep working in the residential and commercial projects. We are trying to connect with major construction companies and renovation contractors. The company will also expand its scope of services to get infrastructures and industrial projects.
Starting June 2016, Hingeneering Consulting office is 10417 Saskatchewan Drive, NW, Edmonton, AB, Postal Code T6E 4R8
It is a great accomplishment to get a bachelor degree in engineering. You are now joined a renowned profession and have good knowledge of engineering principles and ready to apply them in various engineering applications. In common practice, engineering consulting companies hires engineers with a bachelor degree. Sometimes, they would require a master degree for certain position responsibilities and background knowledge. In downturn economy, engineering professionals with a master’s degree are more requested than professionals with bachelor degrees. Unfortunately, in many countries engineering professional with a doctorate degrees (PhD) are struggling to get a good job. So where is the problem, is it in the hiring managers in such companies or is the problem with the engineers who got the PhD. In this article, we will touch base on the benefit on getting PhD in engineering and what are the pros and cons in this.
Should you earn a PhD in Engineering?
You need to think about this question for a moment. If you are looking to be a university professor, then getting a PhD is not an option any more. It is a job requirement.
If you are looking for industrial experience and in the same time want to learn more in a specific topic by doing the higher degree (PhD), then you have to really be interested in pursuing the degree. In other words, if you feel that you want to get this degree, go for it. Remember that “to be sorry for something you did is way better than being sorry for something you wished to do and you did not”.
Is earning a PhD in engineering considered to be a bad decision?
In contrary to bachelor degree, earning a PhD in engineering is not a mandatory requirement to practice engineering profession. However, getting a PhD in engineering is considered to be corner stone to hire university professors. As the statistics mentioned, 25% of the engineering professionals are working in academia, yet still 75% of them have to be in the professional practice.
For those professionals who got their a PhD and want to continue in industry have to face the challenge that they might hear these sentences “you are overqualified now”, “these guys are too much theoretical and know nothing about practical applications”, “they will get high salaries, we can get two fresh graduates instead of hiring one of them” and so forth.
What is benefit of getting PhD and practice engineering?
So, by getting a PhD degree, you for sure learned many advanced skills. Among them are to be initiative, critical thinking, problem solving, independent research, reviewing all relevant issues.
In engineering profession, you are not afraid by new challenges. On the contrary, you will find yourself more motivated in such challenging tasks than the other daily routines. You will be able to apply research principles in finding solutions for any complicated engineering problem.
The structural system for most houses is based on concrete bearing walls and steel posts in the basement. Then structural system of timber joists, bearing walls, timber posts in the main floor. Finally, system of trusses is installed to cover the roof. Therefore, the concrete bearing walls in the basement concrete wall is of extreme importance as they transfer the loads from the top of the roof trusses to the foundations. Figure 1 illustrates some of the basement cracks that you can notice.
Figure 1. SEvere cracks due to concrete basement bowing.
The causes of cracks whether in basement concrete walls or slab on grade in the flooring of the basement are attributed to many reasons. The most common factor for all these cracks is the soil pressure. This soil pressure could be in horizontal direction as the case of the vertical concrete basement wall. This in general will cause horizontal crack as shown in Figure 2.
Figure 2. Horizontal cracks due to horizontal soil pressure on basement concrete wall.
Modern technologies adopted many techniques to deal with cracks in basement walls depending on the severity of such cracks i.e. its length and width. Although the repair of horizontal cracks will cost some money, still the foundations of the house are structurally sound. Potential home buyers or existing residents should watch diagonal cracks (Figure 3) that might occur in concrete wall of basement. This is a serious indication that this house had been subjected to differential settlement (portion of foundation settled much more than other portions). Consequently, a rehabilitation procedure should be carried out to the foundations in addition to jacking of the super structure to allow for re-casting the concrete wall. In other sever conditions, installing of screw piles underneath the existing foundations could be an option too.
Figure 3. Diagonal Cracks due to differential settlement of basement wall foundation.
The solutions of horizontal cracks could be in many forms. First, for slight cracks and minor bows, replacement of the exterior existing soil with gravel layer is considered to be a cost effective solution to avoid further crack propagation in the concrete wall due to the exterior soil pressure. The contractor should install a drainage pipe underneath the gravel layer to ensure that any rain or snow will be drained to the weeping tiles at the slab on grade level of the basement. This is illustrated in Figure 4.
Figure 4. Recommended solution for the slightly bowed concrete basement wall.
For more medium cracks, the addition of timber framing would be a good solution especially if the horizontal cracks are extended in larger spans of the concrete wall. From structural perspective, this solution tries to minimize the excessive deformation in the wall by transferring its loading into a timber frame that will be connected to the main beams in the main floor as well as the foundation. Figure 5 illustrated the concept of this solution.
Figure 5. Recommended solution for the medium bowed concrete basement wall
For more severe cracks, which might affect the structural safety of the house, it is highly recommended to go for the horizontal tie backs solution (Figure 6), despite the fact that it is more expensive than the other solutions.
Figure 6. Tiebacks for severely bowed concrete basement wall
Consult with your engineer if you observe any cracks in your concrete basement wall. Save your assets by early reporting any incidences. Time is not in your benefit. Solving the problem early saves you money and hassle.
The information in this article is intended to provide a big picture about the available solutions for crack foundations. No body is allowed to use this information in their respective properties without the engineer approval.
In these tough economic times, many single family home owners tend to get extra income from their owned property. A very common idea for such extra income is the establishment of a legal basement suite within their property. Basement suites require normally two exits. One will be connected to the main floor through the internal stairs. The second entrance will be done from outside. This will require door opening in the foundation wall, excavation in the grade to reach the basement floor level and finally a retaining wall with its foundation surrounding the new stairs and landing. The city or municipality will require structural drawings for the intended opening in the foundation concrete wall as well as the structural design for the new retaining wall and its foundation. The new concrete foundation wall opening will act as the basement main entrance.
New Basement Entrance Documents
The following list is considered to be the minimum requirements for home owners in order to get their development permit for the new basement entrance.
What is Next
Home owners and construction contractors should consult structural engineers for the preparation of the structural drawings and assessment letters required for the application of the development permits. Moreover, a suitable drainage system is also needed to avoid any hydrostatic pressure on the retaining wall.
Do you need to apply for development Permit for your planned spring renovation?
In this time of the year, many home owners are getting ready for the renovation season of their respective properties. This is officially kicks off in the spring time. In this article, we will focus on the various types of structural renovations/assessment which will require development permit from the cities or counties, where the residential properties locate.
Residential Structural Renovations
The following residential structural renovations will require informing the city or the county and application for development permit.
Who to Consult
Home owners and construction contractors should consult structural engineers to discuss their renovation ideas and to find out the feasibility and the adequacy of these structural renovations.
For the city or county to approve the development permit, structural engineering drawings and/or reports will be required to be included in the permit. The reason behind that is to make sure that the prospective renovation had been assessed by a professional engineer and he provided the required recommendations to the contractors.
Moreover, the home owners and construction should get in touch with their local municipalities to be aware about the required and proper documentation required to apply for developing permit.
Ahmed Farag is a principal structural engineer. He has B.Sc. 1998, M.Sc. 2004 in structural engineering and got his Ph.D. in structural engineering at the University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.